Real Estate, if purchased wisely, can provide post-tax returns much better than Bank Deposits and is a very good investment option for those wanting to accumulate wealth over a long term period of 20–30 years.
If you are going to purchase a ready to occupy 2 BHK flat in Pune/Bengaluru in a locality with existing/proposed good social infrastructure, making 20% down payment and taking a loan on the balance amount @ 8.5% interest for 10 years, let us consider an example:
Long term cost inflation = 5% p.a.
Long term Real Estate appreciation = 6% p.a.
Flat internal area = 700 sq.ft
Sale Rate = INR 6000/sq.ft
Sale Price = INR 42 lakhs
Total Price (after 6% Stamp Duty + 2% Brokerages, etc.) = INR 45.4 lakhs
Rental yield @ 3.5%, earns you an annual rent of INR 1.47 lakhs, increasing at 6% p.a.
Annual maintenance & taxes @ 1.75%, costs you INR 73,500 increasing at 5% p.a.
EMI for 10 years @ 8.5% interest = INR 45,000
|Flat Internal Area (2BHK)||700||Sq. ft.|
|Sale Rate||6000||INR/sq. ft.|
|Cost excluding tax||42,00,000||Price|
|Total cost including taxes||45,36,000||8%|
|Annual Rent||3.5%||Of Price|
|Annual Maintenance||1.75%||Of Price|
|Long Term Cost Inflation||5%||p.a|
|Real Estate Appreciation||6%||p.a|
|EMI for 10 years||45,000|
After 10 years, your real estate investment will have positive cash flows and you will break even after 30 years. But, if you sell the house after 30 years, then you will be able to net overall returns of 7.4% pre-tax.
Considering the various Income Tax benefits given towards home loan repayment and long term capital gain benefits, the post-tax returns will be upwards of 7%, which is much better than post-tax returns of 5% from Fixed/Recurring Deposits at any large public sector bank.
After 30 years, your investment of INR 45 lakhs would be worth INR 2.28 Crores, giving you an internal rate of return (IRR) of 7.4% before taxes.
|Value of Home after 30 Years||2,27,57,229|
|Net Cash after Sale||2,31,88,327|
|IRR for 30 Years||7.4%|
In case, you want to know the effect of change in the inflation and real estate appreciation on the IRR, then it is as follows:
|IRR Scenarios (Cost Inflation v/s Real Estate Appreciation)|
As you can see from the table above, in case your real estate investment appreciates @ 8% p.a. and averaged inflation is 6% p.a., then your IRR will be as high as 10.0% p.a.
As you can observe from the calculations above, Real Estate in India is a good avenue for investment for those wanting to beat inflation & grow their wealth in the long term. With the advent of Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016 this sector will witness greater transparency and regulated supply, leading to positive sentiments for investment.